An Introduction to Medical Billing & Coding Jobs

Do you enjoy the health care field? Would you like to work behind the scenes in a physician office? Are you computer savvy, type at least 35 words per minute, and know how to solve problems? Do you understand medical terminology and number codes?

If your answer is YES to all of the questions, then a career in the medical billing and coding field could be right for you!

As a medical biller and coder, your work is vital to the success of the medical community. It will be your responsibility to code accurately the diagnosis and procedures of the patient. And you will be required to prepare insurance forms and handle billing issues to ensure the medical entity is paid for all services completed.

Whenever a patient is seen by a doctor or receives some type of medical treatment, a medical record is created. The medical records will contain copies of the patient's medical history, their health problems and symptoms, notes regarding treatments and medications, and results of any tests and lab results. This is where the medical coder comes into play.

Medical coders use computer programs and coding manuals to find the right codes for each patient diagnosis or treatment. These codes are either numeric or alphanumeric designations that are uniformly used across the health care network, insurance industries, and government offices. The coding information is transferred to the patient's insurance company or other parties for billing and payment.

It is very important that the information coded is completed accurately. If the coding is incorrect then payment may be denied or delayed. Using the wrong code can also result in a lower payment for services rendered.

So, where are the jobs available for medical billing and coders? And what kind of salary can you expect?

Many medical billing and coding jobs can be found in:

  • Hospitals
  • Physicians' offices
  • Clinics
  • Laboratories
  • Medical Libraries
  • Health Maintenance Organizations
  • Mental Health Facilities

With one to two years of experience in a office setting; many billers and coders can work from home.

According to medical billers and coders are compensated based on different factors. These factors include their level of training, experience, and skills. also reports that the average annual salary range is between $33,370 and $41,506. Those with certification and knowledge of specialized fields earn more. The work hours are usually Monday through Friday, with a 40-hour work week. Overtime is often available, and is sometimes mandatory.


The outlook for medical billing and coding and its related occupations; continue to be the fastest growing opportunities in the health care field. There will always be a need for people to see a physician or visit a hospital. So, if you are ready to do the necessary work for the medical community to be paid on time; submit your medical billing or coding resume with one of the health care listings above.


Gail Esparan